Northern Cardinal - Cardinalis cardinalis

Length M: 8.7-9.3 in (22.0-23.5 cm), F: 8.3-8.5 in (21.0-21.6 cm)
Weight M: 1.3-1.8 oz (37-52 g), F: 1.3-1.8 oz (36-51.5 g)
Clutch Size 1-5
Chicks at birth Altricial
IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

Northern Cardinals were my favorite bird in Illinois when I was a child. While not found in California, they are found throughout most of the eastern, central and southwest United States, and Mexico.

Northern Cardinals eat insects, fruits and seeds and as the two pictures below show, leaves.

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